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The four areas that must be addressed in the HIV/AIDS KNOW curriculum training for non-medical employees include:
Since HIV was discovered in 1983, researchers have worked to pinpoint the origin of the virus. In 1999, an international team of researchers reported that they discovered the origins of HIV-1, the predominant strain of HIV in the developed world. A subspecies of chimpanzees native to west equatorial Africa was identified as the original source of the virus. The researchers believe that HIV-1 was introduced into the human population when hunters became exposed to infected blood. HIV transmission is driven by changes in migration, housing, travel, sexual practices, drug use, war, and economics that affect both Africa and the entire world.
AIDS was first recognized in the United States in 1981. In Washington State, the first reported case of AIDS was in 1982. Since then, the number of AIDS cases has continued to increase both in the U.S. and other countries. In 1983, HIV was discovered to be the cause of AIDS.
The CDC estimates that there are between 1,039,000 to 1,185,000 persons infected with HIV in the United States. Additionally, it is estimated that 40,000 persons in the United States become newly infected with HIV each year.
In the U.S., there are estimated to be over 17,000 people with AIDS who are dying each year in the U.S. As therapies have improved, fewer people have died of AIDS each year. However, the treatments have not reduced the number of new infections.
The United Nations AIDS Program estimates there were 38.6 million people in the world living with HIV or AIDS in 2005. An estimated 4.1 million people worldwide became infected with HIV in 1005. Half of these new infections were in people between the ages of 15-24. There were 3 million deaths worldwide from AIDS in 2000.
HIV is transmitted through:
The transmission of HIV depends upon:
Non-Occupational Risk Reduction Methods include sexual abstinence, monogamous relationships, limiting partners, safer sexual practices, avoidance of injecting drug use, syringe exchange, and using bleach and water to clean syringes.
Occupational Risk Reduction Methods include following the requirements of the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard.
Washington State has a system to link people with HIV infection and AIDS to care and support services. Case managers in the HIV/AIDS Programs are the primary contact people for services. To find a case manager, contact the HIV/AIDS Program in your county’s health department or district.
WA State DOH HIV Prevention & Education Services
Center for Disease Control and Prevention
National AIDS Hotline (800) 342-2437