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12.7.1 Hazards of Oxidizers

Oxidizers are chemicals capable of supporting a fire by giving oxygen to the fire. Examples include silver nitrate, sodium nitrate, chromic acid, nitric acid, and hydrogen peroxide.

Oxidizing acids such as sulfuric and perchloric are highly reactive with most substances and with each other. Liquid oxidizers react with everything, potentially causing explosions or corrosion of surfaces.

12.7.2 Handling Procedures for Oxidizers

Always handle in a chemical fume hood. Wear safety goggles, a lab coat, and appropriate gloves.

12.7.3 Storage of Oxidizers

Store within appropriate group; Group 3: Oxidizing Acids or Group 4: Liquid Oxidizers. Oxidizers should be stored in glass containers or other intert material and double-contained.

12.7.4 Disposal of Oxidizers

See Chapter VI, Hazardous Waste Directory. Most oxidizers will need to be labeled for collection by EH&S.

12.7.5 Emergency Response: Exposure

  • Skin: immediately remove affected clothing and flush contacted tissue with copious amounts of water for 15 minutes. If skin is injured, proceed to the nearest hospital ER.

  • Eye contact: rinse eyes with copious amounts of water for 15 minutes. Hold lids open while rinsing. Seek medical evaluation.

Complete an Accident-Illness Report Form as soon as possible and mail to EH&S at J3-200.

12.7.6 Emergency Response: Spills

While wearing safety goggles, gloves, and a lab coat, you can absorb a small spill with a universal absorbent. For large spills (>200 ml), call EH&S for clean-up.